Evidence-Based Youth Violence Prevention in the London Borough of Lambeth
PHE ePoster Library. Shrotri M. Sep 12, 2019; 274495; 55
Dr. Madhumita Shrotri
Dr. Madhumita Shrotri
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Abstract
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Abstract Increasingly, the perceived threat of youth violence pervades national media and the public consciousness. Although national surveillance data is equivocal on any clear trend in violent crime, crime and health datasets show that violence involving weapons, particularly knives, and weapon-carrying norms among youth are indeed worsening. These issues sit within the context of a growing illicit drugs economy, increasing social inequality and thriving gang culture. Lambeth is currently developing a 10-year strategy to address these issues through a public health approach. Successful programmes worldwide have shown that violence can be prevented with such an approach, through evidence-informed and data-driven commissioning. To support implementation of a public health approach to youth violence in Lambeth, this review posed four questions:What are the key risk and protective factors for youth violence?Which types of preventative intervention are most effective?Do effective interventions share any key characteristics?What principles should be used in whole-programme design?Around 35 different risk and protective factors were found to be strongly associated with youth violence, whose complex interactions can lead to both cumulative and buffering effects. Nearly 40 effective or promising intervention themes are described, though few of these have been tested in settings comparable to Lambeth. Therefore, the evidence on shared characteristics of effective interventions should be incorporated into locally co-produced services that match community needs. Successful programmes tend to be comprehensive in approach, providing a range of preventative interventions across multiple ecological levels and putting equal emphasis on reducing risk factors and strengthening protective factors. External funding details
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