Translating data to evidence: helping to state the case for action around drug use deaths
PHE ePoster Library. Bryant G. Sep 12, 2019; 274492; 52
Gillian Bryant
Gillian Bryant
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction
Identifying what influences change and generates inequalities in life expectancy can focus discussion around key public health issues and help state the case for prevention and intervention programmes to address issues and population groups affected.
Method
Life expectancy decomposition enabled the analysis of mortality data to provide evidence around the extent age groups and causes of death contributed to the 2011-2017 slowdown in life expectancy in the North East of England (NE), and to life expectancy inequalities in 2017 between the NE and England.
Results
Between 2013 and 2017, increasing death rates from drug misuse in NE men aged 30 to 44 had the largest influence on male life expectancy change, reducing life expectancy by over two months.In 2017 male drug misuse deaths contributed nearly 2.5 months to the inequality in life expectancy between the NE and England, a similar deficit to that caused by lung cancer. Mena aged 30 to 49 accounted for most of this, just over 1.5 months. There would be around 80 fewer deaths from drug misuse if NE death rates were the same as England.
Conclusion
The influence of drug deaths in men aged 30 to 49 on life expectancy has drawn interest from local authorities, health trusts and police. Decomposition analysis allowed mortality data to be analysed in such a way that it contributed to evidence supporting the case for (i) trialling a collaborative service to address health inequalities in addiction service users and (ii) cross-sector partnership working to reduce drug deaths. External funding details
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