National Trends in Hospital Admission for Youth Knife-Related Assault 2013/14-2017/18
PHE ePoster Library. Boshari T. Sep 12, 2019; 274491; 51
Talia Boshari
Talia Boshari
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Abstract Background
Knife crime disproportionally affects young people (ages 10-24) (YP) and is increasingly being recognised as a public health problem that has major impact on individuals and society. A public health approach to tackling violence requires understanding of the epidemiology of knife crime. We used hospital admission data to describe national and local trends over the last five years, to help develop local policies addressing knife crime.
Emergency admissions in England were extracted for the five-year period 2013/14-2017/18. Data were analysed to ascertain cases involving YP, those indicative of assault with a sharp object (ASO; i.e. likely knife assault), and trends in admission by age, sex, ethnicity, deprivation and geography.
Admissions for assault among adults and YP have decreased since 2013/14. However, admissions for ASO in YP have risen year-on-year, increasing 42.8% over five years. There were 121,173 admissions for assault over the five years, with 15.7% of these ASO (n= 19,062). YP accounted for 31.8% of all assault-related admissions (n=38,501) but accounted for 39.5% of all ASO admissions (n=7,616). Rates of admission were highest in the 19-21 age range for both assault and ASO (127.08 and 24.51 per 100,000, respectively). Nearly all victims were male (93.70%).
These findings provide up-to-date demography and incidence of admissions for ASO across England, supporting policy-makers by providing recent epidemiology. The increasing rates of admission for ASO in YP, despite decreasing rates of admissions for assault overall, highlights this growing issue and may provide a baseline to measure effects of public health interventions going forward. External funding details
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