Predictors of bowel cancer risk factor and symptom knowledge in an ethnically diverse area of Northwest London: a pharmacy based survey study
PHE ePoster Library. Prentice A. Sep 12, 2019; 274408; 21
Andrew Prentice
Andrew Prentice
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Abstract
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Abstract Background/objective.Previous research has shown that knowledge of the risk factors and warning signs of bowel cancer are lower among non-white ethnic groups. To date, research has predominantly been conducted using questionnaires written in English. The present research set out to extend understanding by collecting data using face-to-face interviews (conducted in the respondents' native language) through multilingual community pharmacies. Methods.Multilingual community pharmacies (n=40) recruited through the Middlesex Group of Local Pharmacy Committees distributed a modified version of the ‘Bowel Cancer Awareness Measure' to members of the public using convenience sampling. Differences in awareness of risk factors and warning signs between White, Asian, Black and mixed/other ethnic groups were assessed using multivariate linear regression adjusted for age and gender. As the study is on-going, the findings reported are preliminary.
Results
.To date, 560 questionnaires have been returned. Respondents were men (n=264; 49.3%) and women (n=269; 50.2%), predominantly aged 60-74 years (n=464; 83.8%), of White (n=293; 52.3%), Asian (n=206; 36.8%), Black (n=32; 5.7%) or mixed/other (n=19; 3.4%) ethnicity. Both knowledge of risk factors and warning signs were significantly higher among participants of a White ethnicity, than those of Asian, Black or mixed/other ethnicity (mean knowledge scores for risk factors: 4.55, 3.89, 3.19 and 3.52, respectively [P=0.007]; mean knowledge scores for warning signs: 5.09, 3.24, 3.44 and 3.21, respectively [p<0.001]). Discussion.This is the first study to collect data from non-English speaking ethnic minority groups using multilingual community pharmacies. It shows that awareness is lower among Asian, Black and mixed/other ethnici groups. External funding details
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