Pregnant women's use of and attitudes to e-cigarettes in the UK: a cross-sectional survey
PHE ePoster Library. Bowker K. 09/12/19; 274407; 207
Dr. Kate Bowker
Dr. Kate Bowker
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction
Smoking when pregnant is a public health priority. Few interventions are effective to help women quit. Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are widely used, but little is known about their use in pregnancy. We aimed to estimate prevalence, describe the characteristics and attitudes of those who do and do not use ECs. Methods:Pregnant women attending antenatal appointments across the UK, between 8-24 weeks, were asked to complete a survey asking about their smoking and EC use. Smokers, recent ex-smokers and/or EC users were eligible to complete further questions about their attitudes and behaviours towards ECs.
Results
3360 pregnant women completed the survey; 4.8% were current EC users: 1.3% (n=33) exclusive users and 3.5% (n=107) dual users (smoking and using EC). Overall, 867 pregnant women were eligible to complete further questions; 16.1% (n=140) reported to be current EC users. Comparisons between current smokers not using ECs and EC users showed users had more positive attitudes towards the safety and acceptability of ECs, and 65% of users were likely to continue use postpartum. Dual users were more likely to be planning to quit smoking (p=0.01) compared to smokers. Exclusive users were older, better educated, less likely to have smoked in previous pregnancies and more likely to have planned their pregnancy compared to dual users.
Conclusions
Overall EC prevalence is low in pregnancy. Most pregnant women who use ECs also smoke concurrently, although compared to non-EC users this group were more motivated to stop smoking. External funding details Cancer Research UK, Tobacco Advisory Group Project Grants.
Abstract Introduction
Smoking when pregnant is a public health priority. Few interventions are effective to help women quit. Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are widely used, but little is known about their use in pregnancy. We aimed to estimate prevalence, describe the characteristics and attitudes of those who do and do not use ECs. Methods:Pregnant women attending antenatal appointments across the UK, between 8-24 weeks, were asked to complete a survey asking about their smoking and EC use. Smokers, recent ex-smokers and/or EC users were eligible to complete further questions about their attitudes and behaviours towards ECs.
Results
3360 pregnant women completed the survey; 4.8% were current EC users: 1.3% (n=33) exclusive users and 3.5% (n=107) dual users (smoking and using EC). Overall, 867 pregnant women were eligible to complete further questions; 16.1% (n=140) reported to be current EC users. Comparisons between current smokers not using ECs and EC users showed users had more positive attitudes towards the safety and acceptability of ECs, and 65% of users were likely to continue use postpartum. Dual users were more likely to be planning to quit smoking (p=0.01) compared to smokers. Exclusive users were older, better educated, less likely to have smoked in previous pregnancies and more likely to have planned their pregnancy compared to dual users.
Conclusions
Overall EC prevalence is low in pregnancy. Most pregnant women who use ECs also smoke concurrently, although compared to non-EC users this group were more motivated to stop smoking. External funding details Cancer Research UK, Tobacco Advisory Group Project Grants.
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