Associations between child height and weight and caries levels
PHE ePoster Library. Davies G. Apr 9, 2019; 257461; 15226
Dr. Gill Davies
Dr. Gill Davies
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Abstract Objectives: To investigate any associations between measures of child body mass index (BMI) with caries levels using individual measures of each as derived from national surveys in England.
: The BMI measures of individual five-year-olds from the National Child Measurement Programme were linked with their caries measures established via the PHE National dental epidemiology survey. Secure data linkage between the two sets of standardised data sets enabled comparison at individual level of caries levels and BMI.
: Records for 67,186 children were linked. An association between BMI categories was found; children of low BMI were found to have higher caries severity (1.2 d3mft) and extent (4.4 d3mft among those d3mft>0) compared to children of healthy BMI (0.7 d3mft, 3.3 d3mft ). Children with very high BMI had a higher prevalence of caries experience but the same severity and extent as children of healthy BMI (27.6%, 0.9 d3mft, 3.2 d3mft). Deprivation and ethnicity were confounding factors.
There is some association between child height and weight and caries levels. Funding Funding for facilitation and coordination of the PHE dental public health epidemiology programme comes from PHE. Fieldwork for data collection of caries data and the NCMP comes from local authorities and, in some cases, NHS England.
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