Energy drink consumption, mental health and alcohol and cigarette use in secondary school children in England
PHE ePoster Library. Knights N. Sep 12, 2017; 186502; 68
Dr. Nicola Knights
Dr. Nicola Knights
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Abstract
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Abstract IntroductionThere is limited up to date knowledge about patterns of energy drink consumption and its association with mental health and use of other substances in UK adolescents.MethodA secure online survey was developed for use in secondary schools. 1892 students from mainstream and private schools across England were asked about their daily consumption of energy drinks, depressive symptoms, inattention-hyperactivity, conduct problems, disordered eating and alcohol and cigarette use.Results53% (n=1004) reported no consumption; 21% (n=460) reported consuming 1 or less per day; 6% (n=98) reported consuming 2 or more per day; 26% (n=330) reported consuming 3 or more per day. Consumption increased with age and male students were nearly twice as likely as female students to report consuming 3 or more energy drinks per day.Daily consumption of 2 or more energy drinks was associated with increased odds of reporting depressive symptoms in the moderate and severe range; inattention-hyperactivity and conduct problems; disordered eating; higher alcohol use in the past month; being a regular smoker.ConclusionA significant proportion of students (especially males) were overconsuming energy drinks, which is cause for concern.Energy drink consumption is associated with increased odds for internalising and externalising problems, current drinking and smoking, and may be a marker for 'at risk' adolescents.The association of increased energy drink consumption with disordered eating warrants further investigation, as adolescents may be using energy drinks as a means of weight control. External funding details The Big Lottery
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