Implementing Peer Review in Public Health - What works? A literature-based review
PHE ePoster Library. Rushdy A. Sep 13, 2016; 138131; 268
Dr. Amal Rushdy
Dr. Amal Rushdy
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Abstract
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Abstract IntroductionPeer review is a recognised method for improving quality of health services but has not been previously introduced widely for public health practice. A systematic literature based review was proposed to determine the key factors for successful implementation of peer review in public health practice, namely enablers and barriers to peer review, make recommendations for future peer review and identify areas for further research.MethodsA literature based review using systematic methods was undertaken. Studies from health care and public health were selected using pre-selected criteria. Analysis included a qualitative review and thematic analysis and synthesis.ResultsA total of 1069 articles were found and after second stage screening, 25 articles remained for the analysis. The studies were with differing methodologies and aims and different strengths and limitations. All studies reported on some aspect of barriers or/and enablers to peer review with some degree of consistency between studies. The key findings for successful peer review included having a clear purpose, defined scope and standards, explicit methods for selecting reviewers, maintaining confidentiality, consistent methods for administering the process, training of reviewers, good recording and feedback, and reviewing the process - its outcomes and evaluation.ConclusionsIn conclusion, this literature based review has provided evidence on barriers and enablers to successful implementation of peer review that are of relevance to public health peer review. There are gaps in the literature and future research could focus on addressing those relevant to public health, in particular outcome orientated approaches in collaboration with partners.
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